A recent article on BBC News was titled Mediterranean diet is best way to tackle obesity, say doctors. The article reported on a study published in the Postgraduate Medical Journal finding that the diet also reduced the risk of heart attacks and strokes compared to a low-fat diet. As in the US the UK health authorities recommend a low-calorie, low-fat diet for their population. The tide in the UK may be turning as it is the US at least at the grassroots level.
Numerous studies in the last 12 years comparing Low-Carb to low-fat also found Low-Carb performs better. One 2008 study published in the NEJM tested Low-Carb, Mediterranean, and low-fat diets, and found that Low-Carb out performed the other two. Low-fat came in last.
The Low-Carb and Mediterranean diets have much in common. Fat intake is higher than US guidelines and whole, minimally processed foods are recommended, including olive oil, nuts and seeds, vegetables etc. Unlike the Med diet, Low-Carb allows a wider selection of animal protein including red meat. A Low-Carb diet is also careful to recommend plants that have a low glycemic load, especially for people with diabetes or those who are addicted to higher-carb foods, such as grain, and can’t control their intake. Low-Carb doesn’t count calories. If you follow the advice to eat to satiety, you will find the right amount of food for your body.